Following centuries of struggle, Latin American countries succeeded in gaining independence in the course of the 19th and 20th centuries. Notwithstanding, it is a well-known fact that today there is no equal financial distribution between the different classes in Latin American society.
In an attempt to overcome these significant class differences and protect the lower classes in Latin American countries, many human rights groups were created. However, this post refers to very different groups that are fighting for their rights in a more modern way – from behind a computer screen.
Most of these groups have a very similar agenda and they know that the best way to succeed lies in garnering the assistance of hacktivists from all over the continent and even further afield.
Via the computer, they are calling out to the people to protest against government laws and restrictions. Take, for example, the case of #4octrodealadictadura, where Anonymous exposes police brutality and violence against unarmed protesters.
Their main activity is hacking and defacing important websites. Sometimes they even leak information from databases. Their targets are mostly webpages affiliated with the government, politicians and candidates, and large enterprises such as railroad companies, newspapers and local authorities.
Almost all of the groups identify with Anonymous. One of the more prominent of these groups is Anonymous Peru, which claims to be striving for a country with no corruption, and calls to protect the human and civil rights of the citizens of Peru. The group created #OpIndependenciaPeru and claims to have attacked government websites on Peruvian Independence day on July 28, 2014. During this operation, they alleged that they leaked candidate information, defaced ISP in Argentina and hacked a Peruvian government website.
Another notable group is MexicanH Team from Mexico. The group identifies with Anonymous Mexico and is very popular (with over 21,000 followers on Twitter). The group launched #OpTequila, targeting Mexico’s Independence Day on September 15, 2014. During the campaign, the group hacked the website of the presidency (using an XSS vulnerability). They also leaked government email addresses, usernames and passwords.
The latest hacktivist group to capture attention is TeamHackArgentino. The goals of this group are to show that the government’s politics are as bad as the security of their websites, and to demonstrate the fact that they posted an archive of their attacks on two different websites.
In conclusion, all of these groups help each other to fight against their governments, in an effort to rouse them and make them aware of the unjust acts being perpetrated against the people of Latin America, especially the poor.