School Is Now in Session – The Spread of Hacking Tutorials in the Deep and Dark Web

One of the most common posts seen on hacker forums is “Hello, I’m new and I want to be a hacker.” Any aspiring hacker must learn coding, networking, system security, and the like, and increasingly, hacking forums are responding to this demand and providing tutorials for those who wish to learn the basics quickly.

Hacking forums have two main kinds of tutorial sections, one open to any forum member and the other exclusively for VIP members. In this post we will review two case studies from closed forums, one from the onion network and the other from the Deep Web.

Case Studies

The first tutorial, taken from a closed forum in the onion network, is actually four tutorials wrapped together to teach POS (point-of-sale) hacking. It includes a list of essential malware and software for POS hacking. While it starts with a basic overview of POS and of RAM (random-access memory) scraping, it very quickly dives into explanations that require an advanced understanding of hacking.

POS tutorial in the onion network
POS tutorial in the onion network

The second tutorial is a basic PayPal hacking tutorial, taken from a closed forum on the Deep Web and oriented toward noobs (beginners). It is actually more about scamming than hacking. It notes that one way to get user details is to hack vulnerable shopping sites using SQL injections and explains how to check whether the stolen user details are associated with a PayPal account. It also mentions that user details can simply be acquired from posts on the forum.

PayPal tutorial on closed forum
PayPal tutorial on closed forum

What is really interesting is that this practical forum has many tutorial sections and sub-sections (we counted six), which raises an interesting question: Why do hackers share?

Motives

There is no one answer to this question, but we can divide hackers’ motivations into four categories:

  • Self-promotion – One of the differences between regular hackers and good hackers is reputation. The most obvious way for hackers to improve their reputation is of course to perform a good hack, but they can also enhance their reputation by being part of a well-known hacking team or displaying vast knowledge, such as by publishing tutorials. It appears that Red, a junior member of the onion network forum who is not known and has a small number of posts, is increasing his value in the eyes of other forum members and site administrators by publishing tutorials, including the POS tutorial. This improved reputation can give him new privileges, such as access to the forum’s VIP sections. In most cases, tutorials shared for this reason range from beginner to intermediate level and can be understand by almost any beginner.
  • Site promotion – Commerce in hacking forums hiding deep in the Internet works like any other free market: if you have the right goods, people will come and your business will boom, but if your shop does not look successful, customers will stay away. Hacking forums, like other businesses, compete for the attention of their target audience. The PayPal tutorial was published by BigBoss, a site administrator, who was probably seeking publicity for the site. To ensure that there is a large number of tutorials on the site, the administrators publish their own from time to time. These can be very simple (as in this case) or very specialized and technical (such as those offered in closed forum sections).
  • Financial gain – As we noted, these forums are businesses, and like any business, they need to sell products in order to make a profit. They can do this by creating VIP sections with unique content (such as special tutorials) open to paying members only, as opposed to VIP sections based on reputation or Individual members also use the forums for financial gain and sell more concrete items—malware, credit cards, and the like—or more abstract items, like knowledge in the form of tutorials or lessons. In most cases the tutorials are very advanced, with extensive details, so that their creators can charge for them.
A forum member selling his knowledge
A forum member selling his knowledge
  • Knowledge sharing — Sometimes, people share their knowledge without any ulterior motive. This is usually done in a closed section of a forum and only with prime members or a group of friends. In this case, the knowledge shared varies according to the group and can be state-of-the-art or very simple.

Conclusions

In a society based heavily on information, we cannot escape the frequently rehashed concept that “knowledge is power.” As the technology world continues to evolve and the hacker community along with it, the need for “how to” knowledge is growing. Tutorials provide beginners with an effective gateway into the world of hacking and expose advanced users to new methods of operation. For us, the observers, they provide a small glimpse into developing trends, attack methods, methods of assessing hacker knowledge, and much more.

HACKoDROID: An Increasing Tendency Toward Smartphone-Based Attacks

New Smartphone technologies have made our lives easier. At the touch of a button, you can call a cab, pay bills, connect with your friends and even reach your personal trainer. On the other hand, the world of hacking and cracking now also has a lot of useful tools to hack your system and steal your data, using a smartphone.

We have recently seen the development and publishing of hack applications for smartphones on underground forums. The wide range of such tools means that anybody can find a suitable tool for dubious purposes. The items available include a variety of DDoS tools, wireless crackers, sniffers, network spoofers and more.

HackForum Post
HackForum Post

Most tools are only available for Android smartphones, and many require root permissions. The most popular tool for cookie theft is DroidSheep. With the help of this tool, an attacker can collect all browsing data, including logins, passwords and more, merely by using the same Wi-Fi network as the victim.

Moreover, the attacker can connect to the victim’s password-protected Wi-Fi network. There are several Wi-Fi cracking tools, for example, WIBR+ uses uploaded password databases to identify passwords common to the victim’s network. The users can also upload and update these databases. Another tool – Wi-Fi Kill – is capable of shutting down any other device connected to the same network and can intercept pictures and webpages recently visited by users of this network.

More and more tools now include more than one hacking capability. The DSploit tool features such functions as password sniffers, cookie sniffers, browsing history sniffers, and webpage redirecting. Another program, Bugtroid, contains cracking and protection applications. The owner can choose the most suitable program from a list and install it in one click. The tool offers a variety of tools to suit almost every cracking purpose.

Sniffers and DDoS Tools
Sniffers and DDoS Tools

For iOS systems, there is a limited number of hacking tools, mostly in the realm of game cracking. Examples of such tools are GameGem and iGameGuardian. These tools break games for the purpose of stealing monetary units. The most common tool for iOS is Metasploit, which contains a number of useful applications for different fields.

The tools presented above are not new, but they represent the main capabilities in the field. We are seeing a growing tendency to use portable devices, such as smartphones and tablets, to conduct attacks in public places. Mobile devices and public Wi-Fi networks tend to be less protected and more vulnerable. With the help of collected data by mobile device, the attackers can perform more complex attacks via PC. As long as there is no protection awareness regarding mobile devices, we expected a continued increase in the number of smartphone-based attacks.

List of Hacking Tools
List of Hacking Tools

WhatsHack: WhatsApp in Cyberspace

WhatsApp Messenger is an instant messaging subscription service. In addition to text messaging, users can send each other images, video and audio media messages, as well as location data. As of September 2014, WhatsApp is the most popular global messaging app, with 600 million users. Aside from regular users, more underground communities like to use this application. WhatsApp activity is more complicated to monitor by a third party than regular phone messages and some online services. WhatsApp has proven to be a fast, reliable and inexpensive service for sharing various kinds of information.

The cyber underground is also seeking new platforms for chatting and sharing information. Lately, we have identified an increasing number of hacker-affiliated groups using WhatsApp services. These groups offer members chat services, hacking tips, cyberattack coordination and more. Members from numerous countries, including Bangladesh, Pakistan, Indonesia and others, expose their phone numbers to connect to such groups.

Facebook hacktivist post
Facebook hacktivist post

There are several manuals describing how to access other WhatsApp accounts. One post shared two different methodologies to do just that: spoofing with the help of Mac number, and using spy software. This post received over 738,000 views over a two-week period.

WhatsApp hacking guide
WhatsApp hacking guide

In addition to spy methodology, you can find various tools, such as WhatsApp Hack Spy Tool, WhatsAppSniffer, WhatsApp Xtract, WhatsApp Conversation SPY Hack Tool and more. You can also use third party spyware. These tools can be used for Android, iPhone and BlackBerry devices. Tools provide such features as tracking all voice notes, viewing all user chat logs, updating profile pictures, sending messages to contacts, changing profile status and more, depending on the tool.

WhatsApp hacking tools
WhatsApp hacking tools

The dissemination of such tools is becoming common also on social networks, such as Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn. A Facebook page titled “WhatsApp Hack Spy Tool” has 390 members, mostly from India, Italy, France and the U.S. This page also has a related Twitter account with more than 3,500 followers. Another Facebook page titled “WhatsApp Hack Sniffer Spy Tool” has over 13,500 members, mostly from Turkey and India. Furthermore, advertisement for the tool can also be found on LinkedIn.

LinkedIn advertisement for the tool
LinkedIn advertisement for the tool

In addition to the free tools, you can purchase more unique software, such as a tool for hacking WhatsApp, only ten copies of which were released for sale on the DarkNet for 0.0305 BTC.

The tool is sold on the DarkNet
The tool is sold on the DarkNet

The use of WhatsApp by hacktivist communities, together with the development of hacking tools and methodologies, has opened up a new platform for the cyber community. These two directions provide a fast, inexpensive and more secure way for hacktivists to interact, coordinate operations, and exchange information and mobile hacking techniques and data vulnerabilities.